Internet of Things - IoT
The boundaries between technology and the physical world will disappear.
When technology becomes so close to interacting with the physical world that it will be impossible to identify the boundaries between one and the other, nothing will ever be the same. This is the role of the Internet of Things, and it will have a very deep impact on society and the economy, on the way we do business, manage public infrastructure, or organize our everyday life. Things that before seemed to have come straight from the pages of a science fiction book have already become a reality in our world. Today, for example, we can monitor and manage operations from hundreds of miles away, track goods anywhere in the world in real time, or even detect changes in the vitals of patients in critical conditions.
The Internet of Things boosts the economy with new business models that improve experiences and create new forms of customer relationships, bring new products and services, and innovate in the analysis and application of intelligence on exclusively collected data.
Just as strong as the new possible sources of income is the potential for earnings from increased operational efficiency and cost reduction. Sensors will improve the performance of machines and equipment; products and services will evolve with decisions based on unified databases; wearable devices and portable monitors will reduce costs with the optimization of chronic disease treatment.
In a greater or lesser stage of maturity, we already have IoT applications in cars, or even in connected household appliances, smart power meters, electronic toll collection, remote monitoring and maintenance of industrial equipment, and traffic control. These applications will increasingly evolve, and other new ones will appear. There are already more than 15 billion devices connected all over the word, and this number is expected to surpass the 35 billion mark by 2020.
DEFINITION AND CHALLENGES IN BRAZIL
For objects to cease being simply “things,” we need an ecosystem formed by applications, systems, communication networks, semi-conductors and infra-structure.
Only a great maze of network connections, with objects communication among themselves and autonomously regulating themselves via Internet, will make it possible to monitor and manage the most diverse devices by software, increasing the efficiency of systems and processes.
The Brazilian Government plays a fundamental role in leading and building this ecosystem, by articulating public policies focused on innovation, the development of an enabling infrastructure and providing adequate regulatory control that take the interests of the different interested parties into consideration.
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